GOSHIN JYUTSU INSTRUCTOR`S TEST
The terminology of Goshin Jyutsu shall be learned by heart and used throughout the training process.
GO - Defense.
SHIN - Body.
JYUTSU - Art.
The combination of this hieroglyphics forms the actual term. GOSHIN JYUTSU the Art of Self-Defense. The temporal origins of this art cannot be exactly determined, since it was born in ancient times out of the necessity to fight on the battlefield. And it was certainly essential to do this in the most efficient way. In Japanese language this art was called GOSHIN JYUTSU. The same evolution went on all around the world, the purpose has been the same. It is certainly possible to depict the ancient term with different hieroglyphics and the words will sound the same, but the meaning will be completely changed. Such a reformation has happened and currently happens to various martial arts and GOSHIN JYUTSU is no exception to this process.
Regardless of the current usage of naturally originated term, there are masters who are preserving and passing on the ancient knowledge, which is still significant in the modern world. In Japan GOSHIN JYUTSU has ever been the basis of the military arts. Whenever a new sort of weapon occurred, that has ever caused a development of a technique to resist it.
The short history of contemporary GOSHIN JYUTSU:
1944 - The development of applied military system of self-defense GOSHIN JYUTSU started at the Toyama Military Academy (Tokyo - Shinjyuku). Bayonet fighting (Jyuken Kakuto) and Japanese hand-to-hand combat (Nippon Kempo) were included into physical education program for cadets, so GOSHIN JYUTSU became some new aspects.
1954 - The establishment of proprietary Japanese military forces is no longer prohibited. The Headquarters of Japanese Defense Forces founded a center of research and development of applied hand-to-hand combat and self-defense systems for troopers. Famous martial art experts were invited to cooperate with the center. GOSHIN JYUTSU has become an obligatory part of the staff education of special military as well as interior and exterior security forces.
1956 - Ryonosuke Mori started to teach Nippon Kempo and GOSHIN JYUTSU at the police academy.
1958 - the development of the hand-to-hand combat system for infantry unit of Japanese Defense Forces started. Recognized martial art masters were invited to work on this development: Ryonosuke Mori, master of Nippon Kempo, as well as professor of the "Waseda" University Kenzu Tomiki - master of Aikido. As the result GOSHIN JYUTSU was supplemented with items of Aikido, Nippon Kempo and other hand-to-hand combat systems. So the applied system GOSHIN JYUTSU for Japanese Defense Forces was developed.
1961 - development of three following katas by the association "Nippon Kempo Kyokai":
CHIGEKI NO KATA - fundamental attack technique
SUJGEKI NO KATA - technique of swirling attack.
Consultant mr. Sawayama Muenomi
01.04.1968 - mr. Sawayama Muenomi published the book "Nippon Kempo"
1971 - Appearance of the motto of "Nippon Kempo Kyokai":
WARERA NO SHINJO
HITOTU, WARERA WA JI RIKI SHOU DOU NO, SEISHIN O, YASHINAU TAMENI, KEMPO O MANABU - the most important issue by studying Kempo is, to evolve the power of will to wander the way of truth.
HITOTSU, WARERA WA YOU KI HOU TOKU NO, KOKORO O, MOTTE SEKAI HEIWANI, MAISHIN SURU - the key is to feel serenity inside the heart, to act for the good and to be dedicated to peace in the whole world
16.01.1973 - mr. Ryonosuke Mori published the book "Nippon Kempo Ketei".
1976 - development of one following kata by the association "Nippon Kempo Kyokai":
GOONPA NO KATA - technique of five secret breaks
Consultant mr. Sawayama Muenomi
1977 - the founder of Nippon Kempo mr. Sawayama Muenomi died at the age of 71. Mr. Ryonosuke Mori became the Leader of the NIppon Kempo Kyokai Association.
1979 - the federation of Japanese Defense Forces "JIEITAI TOSHU KAKUTO RENMEI" was founden within the association "Nippon Kempo Kyokai". Toshu Kakuto was developed on the basis of Nippon Kempo. The system includes disciplines of mastering cold and fire arms, Tanto Kakuto - knife fighting, Goshin Jitsu -art of self defense, as well as Jyuken Kakuto - bayonet fighting technique.
10.10.1982 - Mr. Kunio Ishiguro published the book «Nippon Kempo Kyohan».
30.09.1991– Mr. Ryonosuke Mori published the book «Nippon Kempo Nyumon»
1991 - Mr. Ryonosuke Mori assigned the supervision of the association "Nippon Kempo Kyokai" to mr. Kunio Ishiguro due to his state of health, though remained in the office as a consultant.
1955– 1995 – Mr. Kunio Ishiguro completed the broshure "Fourty years of official History of the Association Nippon Kempo Kyokai", consulted by mr. Ryonosuke Mori.
1999 - - Four portable video cassettes were produced.
01.10.2001 - Mr. Hiroyama Ryuichi написал книгу «Jieitai Toshu Kakuto Nyumon» and cooperation with mr. Ide Mikio (Toshyu Kakutodo 7-dan, Jyukendo 5-dan, Tantokendo 5-dan) and one portable video cassette was released.
2003 - Mr. Ryonosuke Mori passed away.
12.08.2009 – Mr. Ismail Bababekow has written and published "Nippon Kempo Kekai - instructor´s test" in Russian. Sensei-Consultants of the publishing: Mr. Kunio Ishiguro, mr. Genshu Igari, mr. Nagata Koichi.
15.02.2012 - Mr. Ismail Bababekow has written and published a methodical manual "Nippon Kempo Kawaranai". Consultant of the publishing was mr. Kunio Ishiguro
2013 - International Martial Art Federation "Sekai Bujyutsu Renmei" was founded. Goshin Jyutsu was stated as an independent discipline. In all the ages of its existence Goshin Jyutsu has been transformed to fit the requirements of a contemporary martial art.
Appearance of the lore of International Martial Art Federation "Sekai Bujyutsu Renmei":
YATSU NO CHIKARA - Eight Powers
KIZUKU CHIKARA -Power of Energy,
KIKU CHIKARA - Power of HEARING,
MIRU CHIKARA - Power of Sight,
TSUTAERU CHIKARA - Power of Speech,
OMOYEGAKU CHIKARA - Power of Mind,
KUFU SURU CHIKARA - Power of Imagination,
MAKOTO O TSURANUKU CHIKARA - Power of Truth,
KEYZOKU SURU CHIKARA - Power of Presistance,
WARERA WA BUJYUTSU NO, SHYUREN O HAGUKUMI, YONO TAME, HITO NO TAMENI, TSUKUSU KOTO O, JIBUN JISHIN NI, YAKUSOKU SURU - I promise to myself to try to develop The Eight Powers through practice of martial arts for the benefit of all the people around the world.
21.05.2013 Russia - Ekaterinburg SEIKO DOJO – official registration
22.06.2013 Russia - Moscow BARS DOJO – official registration
02.08.2013 Japan - Tokyo developed the emblem of Nippon Kempo Sekai Bujyutsu Renmei.
25.10.2013 - The regulations for competitions in Nipon Kempo were developed and approved as a methodical manual:
Referee`s test - "GOSHIN JYUTSU SHINSHYAIN SHIKEN" - validation of a referee in Goshin Jyutsu.
Developed by International Martial Art Federation "Sekai Bujyutsu Renmei"
05.11.2013Russia - Novosibirsk SENSHI DOJO – official registration
24.11.2013 Russia - Moscow OLIMPUS DOJO – official registration
17.02.2014 Russia - Barnaui SAKURA DOJO – official registration
31.08.2014 Russia - Moscow KOKUSAI DOJO – official registration
07.01.2015 Germany - Hamburg ISHIRYOKU DOJO – official registration
07.01.2015 Uzbekistan - Samarkand YUJIN DOJO – official registration
07.01.2015 Uzbekistan - Samarkand JALILOV DOJO – official registration
07.01.2015 Uzbekistan - Samarkand HALIKOV DOJO – official registration
07.01.2015 Uzbekistan - Samarkand HASANOV DOJO – official registration
07.01.2015 Uzbekistan - Samarkand official registration of the KOKUSAI NIPPON KEMPO INSTITUTE as a «BUJYUTSU CENTER».
2016 - Development of four katas on the foundation of four schemes of mr. Sawayama Mueomi by International Martial Art Federation "Sekai Bujyutsu Renmei". These kata are used in GOSHIN JYUTSU:
HEYDOU NO KATA FUTARI BOGU GATA - technique of parallel movement
TAIDOU NO KATA BOGU GATA - technique of expansive movement
KODOU NO KATA FUTARI BOGU GATA - technique of synchronal intersection
GODOU NO KATA FUTARI BOGU GATA - technique of alternately mutual movement
07.01.2017 Russia - Moscow BUJYUTSU CENTER – official registration
01.06.2018 Germany - Hamburg BUJYUTSU CENTER – official registration
20.06.2018 Germany - Hamburg SASORI DOJO – official registration
30.06.2018 Germany - Hamburg HINODE DOJO – official registration
07.07.2018 - On the occasion of the 5th anniversary of "Nippon Kempo Sekai Bujyutsu Renmei" four technical katas in protective equipment were developed on the foundation of technical katas created before 1977, and approved:
CHIGEKI NO HOU FUTARI BOGU NO KATA
GOONPA NO HOU FUTARI BOGU NO KATA 1
GOONPA NO HOU FUTARI BOGU NO KATA 2
SUIGEKI NO HOU FUTARI BOGU NO KATA
13.07.2018 - two methodical manuals were developed:
Instructor´s test -«GOSHIN JYUTSU SHIDOUSYA SHIKEN» - The essence of GOSHIN JYUTSU
Effective`s test - «GOSHIN JYUTSU SENSHI SHIKEN» - Validation for GOSHIN JYUTSU
CONTEMPORARY GOSHIN JYUTSU
In Contemporary Goshin Jyutsu within the International Martial Art Federation "Sekai Bujyutsu Renmei" a protective equipment is used in competition as well as in training process. The use of this equipment allows to minimize the risk of injury, since competitions as well as training are performed in full contact mode. This allows to evaluate the own abilities by means of delivering focused blows at the agile opponent. The technique of GOSHIN JYUTSU relies on the experience of Japanese Defense Forces as well as on the experience of Sawayama Muneomi, who compiled Nippon Kempo out of several martial art systems and developed a protective equipment which is also used for GOSHIN JYUTSU.
BOGU - the protective equipment:
MEN - helmet
DOU - waistcoat
GUROBU - gloves
MATA ATE - jockstrap
AKEN - hitting parts of the fist:
FUSEIKEN - two bones of horizontally moved fist
SOKKEN - two bones of vertically moved fist
HYOKEN - backside of the fist
RIKEN - inside part of the fist
TAIKEN - bottom part of vertically moved fist
KAISHYOKEN - striking parts of the open hand:
SHYOKEN - bottom part of the palm
SHYUTOKEN -palm edge
CHYOKEN - backside part of wrist
HIJI - elbow
SOKKYAKU- striking parts of the feet
RISOKU - fingertips
HYOSOKU - leg lifting
TOSOKU - foot edge
SHYOSOKU - heel
HIZA - knee
KAMAE - stands
SHOMEN NO KAMAE - frontal stand
CHYUDAN NO KAMAE - middle stand
JYODAN NO KAMAE - upper stand
GEDAN NO KAMAE - lower stand
ASHISABAKI - movements
MAWARI KOMI - moving around
USHIRO-MAE YORI ASHI - hopping step
TSUGI ASHISI - chasse step
KAEASHI - lunging
FUMIKAE - changing of the feet stand without movement
TENKAI - yeilding sideward
SORIMI - yeilding backward
SHIZUMIMI - yeilding forward
HINERIMI - leg movement sideward
KUGURIMI - ducking under arm
OTOSHIHIKIMI - pulling back hips
HIRAKIMI - due to movement
UKEMI - insurance when you fall
А - Self-DEFENSE CATEGORYfrom single arm and leg blows. No age restriction.
TSUKI – straight arm blows:
HIDARI MEN DZUKI - straight blow with the left arm on the helmet
MIGI MEN DZUKI - straight blow with the right arm on the helmet
HIDARI DOU DZUKI - straight blow with the left arm on the waistcoat
MIGI DOU DZUKI - straight blow with the right arm on the waistcoat
REN GEKI - sequence of straight arm blows
YOKO UCHI – side arm blows:
HIDARI MEN YOKO UCHI - side blow with the left arm on the helmet
MIGI MEN YOKO UCHI - side blow with the right arm on the helmet
HIDARI MEN YOKO UCHI - side blow with the left arm on the waistcoat
MIGI DOU YOKO UCHI - side blow with the right arm on the waistcoat
REN DA- sequence of side arm blows
SOTO UCHI – swinging arm blows:
HIDARI MEN SOTO UCHI - swinging left arm blow on the helmet
MIGI MEN SOTO UCHI - swinging right arm blow on the helmet
OROSHI UCHI – top down arm blows:
HIDARI MEN OROSHI UCHI - left arm top down blow on the helmet
MIGI MEN OROSHI UCHI - right arm top down blow on the helmet
AGE UCHI – bottom up arm blows:
- HIDARI MEN AGE UCHI - left arm bottom up blow on the helmet
- MIGI MEN AGE UCHI - right arm bottom up blow on the helmet
HIJI UCHI – elbow blows:
HIDARI MEN HIJI UCHI - left elbow blow on the helmet
MIGI MEN HIJI UCHI - right elbow blow on the helmet
HIDARI DOU HIJI UCHI - left elbow blow on the waistcoat
MIGI DOU HIJI UCHI - right elbow blow on the waistcoat
OTOSHI GERI – top down leg blow with the heel
HIDARI MEN OTOSHI GERI - left leg top down blow with the heel on the helmet
MIGI MEN OTOSHI GERI - right leg top down blow with the heel on the helmet
HIDARI DOU OTOSHI GERI - left leg top down blow with the heel on the waistcoat
MIGI DOU OTOSHI GERI - right leg top down blow with the heel on the waistcoat
TSUKI GERI – side leg blow with the front part of the foot bottom:
HIDARI MEN TSUKI GERI - left leg side blow on the helmet
MIGI MEN TSUKI GERI - right leg side blow on the helmet
HIDARI DOU TSUKI GERI - left leg side blow on the waistcoat
MIGI DOU TSUKI GERI - right leg side blow on the waistcoat
AGE GERI – straight bottom up leg blow:
HIDARI MEN AGE GERI - straight bottom up left leg blow on the helmet
MIGI MEN AGE GERI - straight bottom up right leg blow on the helmet
HIDARI DOU AGE GERI - straight bottom up left leg blow on the waistcoat
MIGI DOU AGE GERI - straight bottom up right leg blow on the helmet
MAWASHI GERI – side blow with foot bottom lifting:
HIDARI MEN MAWASHI GERI - side blow with the left foot bottom on the helmet
MIGI MEN MAWASHI GERI - side blow with the right foot bottom on the helmet
HIDARI DOU MAWASHI GERI - side blow with the left foot bottom on the waistcoat
MIGI MEN MAWASHI GERI - side blow with the right foot bottom on the waistcoat
USHIRO MAWASHI GERI – blow with a turn of the foot bottom:
HIDARI MEN USHIRO MAWASHI GERI - blow with a turn of the left foot bottom on the helmet
MIGI MEN USHIRO MAWASHI GERI - blow with a turn of the right foot bottom on the helmet
HIDARI DOU USHIRO MAWASHI GERI - blow with a turn of the left foot bottom on the waistcoat
MIGI DOU USHIRO MAWASHI GERI - blow with a turn of the right foot bottom on the waistcoat
HIZA GERI - knee blow:
HIDARI MEN HIZA GERI - left knee blow on the helmet
MIGI MEN HIZA GERI - right knee blow on the helmet
HIDARI DOU HIZA GERI - left knee blow on the waistcoat
MIGI MEN HIZA GERI - right knee blow on the waistcoat
B - Self-DEFENSE CATEGORY from grips and double arm and leg blows. No age restriction.
TORI WAZA - grips:
TEKUBI DORI - wrist grip
GYAKU TEKUBI DORI - reverse wrist grip
KATA DORI - shoulder grip
HIJI DORI -elbow grip
RYO TEKUBI DORI - both arms grip
RYO KATA DORI - both shoulders grip
RYO HIJI DORI - both elbows grip
MOROTE DORI - two-handed arm grip
MUNE DORI - lapel grip
USHIRO RYO TEKUBI DORI - both arms grip from behind
USHIRO RYO KATA DORI - both shoulders grip from behind
USHIRO RYO HIJI DORI - both elbows grip from behind
KATA DORI MEN ZUKI - shoulder grip with a blow on the helmet
USHIRO ERI DORI - collar grip from behind
USHIRO ERI DORI MEN ZUKI - collar grip from behind with a blow on the helmet
USHIRO TEKUBI DORI KUBI SHIME - arm grip from behind with suffocating grip
USHIRO UDE SHIME DORI - submissive elbow grip from behind
USHIRO KARADA SHIME - abdominal grip from behind
С -Self-Defense CATEGORY from training cold arms (rubber knife,
flexible sword, stick of 120 cm. length, dummy mashine gun) Participation for adults only.
TANTO UCHI - knife strikes
TANTO TSUKI UCHI - straight stab
TANTO YOKO UCHI - side strike
TANTO AGE UCHI - bottom up strike
TANTO OROSHI UCHI - top down strike
TANTO SOTO UCH - swinging strike
TANTO GYAKU TSUKI UCHI - reverse hold straight stab
TANTO GYAKU YOKO UCHI - reverse hold side strike
TANTO GYAKU AGE UCHI - reverse hold bottom up strike
TANTO GYAKU OROSHI UCHI - reverse hold top down strike
TANTO GYAKU SOTO UCHI - reverse hold swinging strike
JYUKEN UCHI - machine gun with attached bayonet strikes:
JYUKEN TSUKI UCHI - straight stab
JYUKEN YOKO UCHI - side strike
JYUKEN AGE UCHI - bottom up strike
JYUKEN OROSHI UCHI - top down strike
JYUKEN SOTO UCHI - swinging strike
JYUKEN GYAKU TSUKI UCHI - reverse hold straight stab
JYUKEN GYAKU YOKO UCHI - reverse hold side strike
JYUKEN GYAKU AGE UCHI - reverse hold bottom up strike
JYUKEN GYAKU OROSHI UCHI - reverse hold top down strike
JYUKEN GYAKU SOTO UCHI - reverse hold swinging strike
YAWARA UCHI - flexible sword strikes
YAWARA TSUKI UCHI - straight stab
YAWARA YOKO UCHI - side strike
YAWARA AGE YOKO UCHI - bottom up diagonally strike
YAWARA OROSHI YOKO UCHI - top down diagonally strike
YAWARA SOTO UCHI - swinging strike
YAWARA GYAKU TSUKI UCHI - reverse hold straight stab
YAWARA GYAKU YOKO UCHI - reverse hold side strike
YAWARA GYAKU AGE YOKO UCHI - reverse hold bottom up diagonally strike
YAWARA GYAKU OROSHI YOKO UCHI - reverse hold top down diagonally strike
YAWARA GYAKU SOTO UCHI - reverse hold swinging strike
D - SELF-DEFENSE CATEGORY from double strikes with training cold arms and a threat of training fire arms at close operating distance. Participation for adults only.
Е - SELF-DEFENSE CATEGORY from all kinds of attacks within above-named categories, defense with frontal binded or handcuffed hands. Participation for adults only.
TYPES OF DEFENSE
NAGE WAZA – throw technique
KOTE GAESHI NAGE - throw with impact on the hand and wrist
SANSEKI NAGE - sweep
SHIHO NAGE - sword throw
TENCHI NAGE - Heaven and Earth throw
KAITEN NAGE - rotary throw
IRIMI NAGE - entering throw
KOSHI NAGE- hip throw
HASAMI NAGE - scissors throw
IKKYO NAGE - throw over first control
NIKKYO NAGE - throw over second control
SANKYO NAGE - throw over third control
TEKUBI NAGE - throw with a control of the wrist
KOKYU HO SUMI OTOSHI - throw with an impact on the elbow and impact of breathing
UDEKIMI NAGE - throw with an impact at a twisted elbow
SOKUMEN IRIMI NAGE - frontal entering throw
YUJI GARAMI - throw with twisting of both arms in crossed position
DAGEKI - kinds of attack after performed throw
KUMI UCHI YORI FUMI GERI – top down leg blow on the lying down opponent:
HIDARI MEN FUMI GERI – left leg blow on the helmet of the lying down opponent after a throw
MIGI MEN FUMI GERI – right leg blow on the helmet of the lying down opponent after a throw
HIDARI DOU FUMI GERI – left leg blow on the helmet of the lying down opponent after a throw
MIGI DOU FUMI GERI – right leg blow on the helmet of the lying down opponent after a throw
KUMI UCHI YORI TSUKI – finishing arm blow on the lying down opponent during wrestling:
KUMI UCHI YORI TSUKI HIDARI MEN DZUKI - finishing left arm blow on the helmet
KUMI UCHI YORI TSUKI MIGI MEN DZUKI - finishing right arm blow on the helmet
KUMI UCHI YORI TSUKI HIDARI DOU DZUKI - finishing left arm blow on the waistcoat
KUMI UCHI YORI TSUKI MIGI DOU DZUKI - finishing right arm blow on the waistcoat
KUMI UCHI YORI HIZA GERI – finishing knee blow on the lying down opponent during wrestling:
KUMI UCHI YORI HIDARI MEN HIZA GERI - finishing left knee blow on the helmet
KUMI UCHI YORI MIGI MEN HIZA GERI - finishing right knee blow on the helmet
KUMI UCHI YORI HIDARI DOU HIZA GERI - finishing left knee blow on the waistcoat
KUMI UCHI YORI MIGI DOU HIZA GERI - finishing right knee blow on the waistcoat
KUMI UCHI YORI HUJI UCHI - finishing elbow blow on the lying down opponent during wrestling:
KUMI UCHI YORI HIDARI MEN HIJI UCHI - finishing left elbow blow on the helmet
KUMI UCHI YORI MIGI MEN HIJI UCHI - finishing right elbow blow on the helmet
KUMI UCHI YORI HIDARI DOU HIJI UCHI - finishing left elbow blow on the waistcoat
KUMI UCHI YORI MIGI DOU HIJI UCHI - finishing right elbow blow on the waistcoat
KUMI UCHI YORI OTOSHI GERI - finishing top down leg blow by horizontal wrestling:
KUMI UCHI YORI HIDARI MEN OTOSHI GERI - finishing left leg blow on the helmet in lying position
KUMI UCHI YORI TSUKIORII HIDARI MEN OTOSHI GERI - finishing right leg blow on the helmet in lying position
KUMI UCHI YORI HIDARI DOU OTOSHI GERI - finishing right leg blow on the waistcoat in lying position
KUMI UCHI YORI MIGI MEN OTOSHI GERI - finishing right leg blow on the waistcoat in lying position
NAGE WAZA – holding a joint lock after a throw of the attacker:
GYAKU WAZA HIDARI UDE – technique for holding a joint lock on the left arm
GYAKU WAZA MIGI UDE – technique for holding a joint lock on the right arm
IKKYO (UE,SHITA,HIZA) OSAE - first control
NIKKYO (UE,SHITA,GYAKU) OSAE - second control
SANKYO (UE,SHITA) OSAE - third control
YONKYO(UE,SHITA,HIZA) OSAE - fourth control (top, bottom, with a leg)
TEKUBI (MUNA,YOKKO GYAKU) OSAE - joint lock on a wrist (on the chest, reverse grip)
HIZA GYAKU (TE-ASHI) OSAE - submissive lock on the leg fold line (through the use of arm and leg)
UKE - protective blocks:
UWA UKE - circular outward
YOKO UKE - circular inward
AGE UKE - upward
SHITA UKE - low circular outward
SUKUE UKE - low circular inward
OROSHI UKE -
KAKE UKE - with hooked wrist outward
TOMOE UKE - with both arms moving in- and sidewards
HASAMI UKE - lock with both crossing arms
KOKEN UKE - upward with outward side of the wrist
SHYOTEI UKE - downward with inward side of the wrist
SHIMERU UKE - with a forearm performing a hold to the own neck
Mr. Sawayama Muneomi developed SATAKEISOKU - schemes of movement:
HEIDOUKEISOKU- parallel scheme
HEIDOCHOKU - linearly parallel movement
HEIDOUEN- circular parallel movement
TAIDOUKEISOKU- scheme for expansive movement
TAIDOUCHYOKU-parallel expansive movement
TAIDOUEN- circular expansive movement
KODOUKEISOKU- scheme for synchronal intersection
KODOUCHYOKU- linearly synchronal intersection movement
KODOUEN- circular synchronal intersection movement
GODOUKEISOKU- scheme for alternately mutual movement
GODOUCHYOKU- linearly alternately mutual movement
GODOUEN- circular alternately mutual movement
The schemes are developed to elaborate the following fighting skills:
- vestibular system
- coordination of all extremities
- fincing technique
- mobility and agility
- usage of a variety of techniques
- amplitude of movement
- ability to move spontaneously and unpredictable
- ability to act confidently
- virtuosity in defense
This schemes were implemented by Sensei Sawayama Muneomi at the very beginning of Nippon Kempo exactly for that purpose. While alive, Sawayama Muneomi worked on this schemes to enhance them to technical and methodical katas as an aid for martial art students, but was unfortunately not able to fulfill his work. By the dint of ancient scripts as well as due to the advice of the living primary source Sensei Ishiguro Kunio the research was started again at "Kokusai Dojo" in 2013. In 2016 four katas were accomplished and are used in GOSHIN JYUTSU.
HEIDOU NO KATA - technique of parallel circular and linear movement.
TAIDOU NO KATA - technique of expansive circular and linear movement.
KODOU NO KATA - technique of circular and linear synchronal intersection.
GODOU NO KATA - technique of circular and linear alternately mutual movement
Purpose and meaning of KATA.
Some people think that katas are pointless, because them are useless in a competition, and even practiced permanently, them are not suitable to gain power. This point of view is own to following kind of people:
- who has not yet realized, that kata is purposed to enhance SEJSIN – the power of will of the fighter,
- who has not yet gained a mastery level of a kind, that allows to use the basic techniques as ZUKI – arm blows, UCHI – thrusts, KERI – leg blows as well as NAGE – throws, GAKU – joint locks in the sence of KATSUYOI – naturally usage in practice.
- Inculcates SAHOU – order of courtesy and calmness.
- Trains to divine the thoughts of AITE – the opponent as well as to foresee his movements.
- Enhances agility by performing of DOUSA – techniques.
- Helps to avoid technical WARUI KUSE – ill habits.
BUJYUTSU – a martial art requires an enhancement of SEISHIN – the power of will and DOUGI – moral and ethic norms which are going far beyond the requirements for a common athletic competition.
The mean issues by practicing kata are the following:
- SINKEN – serious approach to performance.
- KIHON – basic movements for arm and leg blows, performance of thursts in a proper way, as well as the memory of JINJYOU – the sequence for SEIKAKU – the accurate performance of the movements. It is recomended to perform CHIGEKI RYUSHIN – a fundamental attack technique including holding in center.
The secret of enhancement of a kata consists of HANPUKU – repetition of it in training. But if the take in is WARUI – ill in the very beginning, so the results will be ill as well. So a good instructor is necessarily required to achieve true enhancements.
Kata can be trained under advice of a person with a higher level of mastery:
- At the beginning and the end of the performance of kata a person with a higher level gives the command REI – the greeting bow, names the kata that has to be performed and gives the command HAJIME – to start the performance.
- During a technical performance it could be required to divide technical sequences by numbers. Usually, for exercising of WAZA NO – technical sequences no explicit command is required.
Exercising kata includes:
- Courtesy REI – greeting bow, enhancement of SENSIN – the power of will.
- SEIKAKU – the right stand, technique for right disnace TAISABAKI – body yielding.
- Bringing the technical mastery in line with the own mind, various techniques of KUMIUCHI – wrestling.
Kata provides a basis for mastery in the technique of KOUGEKI – the attacker as well as BOUGYO – the defender. For that reason kata is always performed by two effectives. The one starting as the attacker is named KAKARI – the assaulterand the one in the defending role is called KOTAE – the respondent. Kata for two effectives is built upon a fencing scheme. Additionally, there is the practice of KIHON – the basis for solo kata performance. The enhancement of the kata technique RIAI – is according to the rules of the technical standard, SEI – calmness of movement according to DOU – movements of calmness. Taking in this principles enables a quick responding to any changes of the situation, as well as a selection of a proper technique.
Requirements and hints to performance of a combat KATA
REIHOU – the right behaviour, the right breathing and stand, METSUKE – the right facial expression, SABAKI – feet position. Techniques for use of KENSOKU– arms and legs. Capability to hold the opponent´s arms, the art of KAWASI – wrapping. Practicing kata helps to master a proper placing of blows, as well as the art of KAGEKI – the exchange of blows. The art of ATEMI – an initiative attack with powerfull blows, throws or virtuoso performing of joint lock, while keeping assertiveness, efficiency and SEIKAKU – precision. Sequence of kata and TAISABAKI – posture in the rhythm of the movement. KIAI – concentrated shouts (voiced or muted) to enhance the spirit and the power of will. SZANSHIN – equanimity, keeping the feel for the right distance.
Basic requirements for performing a kata:
- In case that a kata is performed by two effectives, the right mesure of steps, as well as the technique of SURIASHI – feet shuffling . Shall be performed in the middle of a dojo, the distance between the opponents shall be 4,5 till 5,5 meters. Considering the middle of the dojo, the respondent shall be placed on the HIDARI – left side, and the attacker on the MIGI – right side facing each other. Than them shall give the proper expression of their character, perform a bow in standing position and than take the SONKYO – the squat position. Afterwards follows the order of TANDEN – abdominal breathing. The underbelly shall be filled with concentrated power.
- FUMIDASHI – lunging forward taking a middle stand (usually left-side). If the attacker has a rank of SHINO – instructor so he is guiding the exercise.
- The attacker and the respondent mutually step towards each other on the distance of SANPO – three steps, and the attacker starts KOUGEKI – the attack. The respondent performs HANGEKI – counterattack. Afterwards them reduce the distance keeping ZANSHIN – equanimity. Restraining their breath both effectives withdraw to MOTO – the initial position and than continue to perform further technical movements. Before making a move forward a deep KYUKI – breath and than, with a single breath (without stopping the move), a lunging attack shall be performed among with a shout. The attacker shall shout EY, the respondent YA - TO. The shouts shall sound loud and distinct, though the underbelly shall be filled with power. While retreating, the body shall stay imperturbable, and the spirit of TAIKI – expectancy shall be perfected.
- At the end of the kata performance, the standard squat position shall be taken, than the RETSUREI – the standing bow shall be performed from the place of honor, followed by a calm retreat.
- In case of a sole performance of a kata, the performance shall be oriented towards the KAMIZA – the place of honor. The technical basis of a kata consists of SHISEI – the posture. The key to the proper posture is the position of the loin. This is the prevailing technical fundament. To keep a posture capable for fighting, it is essential to achieve a complete stability of KOSHI – the loin.
Filling the body with KIRYOKU – energy, the shout happens naturally, ensuring ATTOU – suppression of the opponent. To hold back HAKI - the rush and the eagerness is pointless, but nevertheless there is no significant benefit for a beginner student to sound RYOKKOU – the mighty shout. The right HASEIHOU – vocalization starts with a confident shout. The purpose of the shout ist to demonstrate the opponent IKIYOI – the own power, strength and integrity of KOKORO – the spirit, while using the art of HAZUMI – recoil, jump-off, momentum, thurst, elsticity, withdrawal, as well as keeping the cohesion of SEISHIN – the power of will. Moreover, to make CHIKARA TSUYOI – a mighty sound out of the belly. It ist recomended that HABA – range of the piercing shout shall be MIJIKAI – short. The best condition is if the shout flows unconsciously out of the body. The highest level of this art is MUSEI – unsoundness.
1. Darting of cold arms (throw knife, metal plate, infantry spade, axe) for adults.
2. Fencing (yawara, rubber knife, semisoft jyuken) for adults
3. Nippon Kempo matches for all age groups.
International Martial Art Federation "Sekai Bujyutsu Renmei" is looking forward to cooperate with instructors of GOSHIN JYUTSU. To consider intense historical and current remarks, as well as issues concerning techniques and methodology of and add them to this instructor´s test if necessary.
This instructor´s test contains graphics, methodological and technical materials from appropriate books as well as a photoarchive:
Book - methodological manual "Nippon Kempo" by mr. Sawayama Muneomi - published at 01.04.1968
Book - methodological manual "Nippon Kempo Kehan" by mr. Kunio Ishiguro - published at 10.10.1982
Book - methodological manual «Nippon Kempo Nyumon» by mr. Ryonosuke Mori – published at 30.09.1991
Broshure - "Fourty years of official History of the Association Nippon Kempo Kyokai 1955 - 1995", consulted by mr. Ryonosuke Mori.
Book - methodological manual «Jieitai Toshu Kakuto Nyumon» by mr. Hiroyama Ryuichi and cooperation with mr. Ide Mikio (Toshyu Kakutodo 7-dan, Jyukendo 5-dan, Tantokendo 5-dan) - published at 01.10.2001
Book - methodological manual "Nippon Kempo Kawaranai" by mr. Bababekov Ismail - published at 15.02.2012
Photoarchive "Kokusai Dojo"